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Lemon plant (scientific name Citrus Limon) is a species of small evergreen tree in the flowering plant family Rutaceae, native to Asia. In the natural environment, a lemon tree can reach mature heights up to 20 feet. It produces rich green foliage with fragrant white blooms and acidic yellow fruit. A lemon bonsai maintains the same rich green foliage, fragrant blooms and fruit in a much smaller variation. True lemon bonsais aren’t dwarf lemon trees, but rather normal sized trees grown in miniature versions.
Plant Type: Out door as well as Indoor
Age: 4 years
Sunlight: Set your lemon tree in full sun from a southern exposure. Trees need lots of light. If that’s not possible, supplement the light by installing 40-watt fluorescent shop lights above the plants; especially important in the winter, when they need 12 hours of light.
Position: Plant the lemon tree in the prepared container. Cover the lemon tree’s roots with soil and press the soil firmly around the tree to ensure its upright position. Make sure that the container has several drainage holes to provide an even release of excess water from the container.
Watering: Water your newly planted lemon bonsai deeply to promote a good establishment. Water your bonsai slowly until the water flows evenly from the bottom of the container. Maintain an even soil moisture, but allow the lemon bonsai to dry slightly between each watering.
Feeding: Fertilization is necessary to keep your plant healthy and beautiful. Any general-purpose liquid fertilizer will do fine to fertilize your lemon bonsai. Fertilizer should be applied at least once a month except during winter.
Pruning: Prune your lemon bonsai in the early spring, just before the growing season begins. Use sharp, sterile pruning shears to remove any dead, dying or diseased branches, as recommended by the Bonsai Gardener. Develop the shape of your lemon bonsai gradually over several years to prevent die back and stunted growth.
Repotting: Repotting must be performed periodically when the plant’s root system has filled the pot. Lemon bonsai trees are usually repotted once in every four or five years.