Pomegranate Bonsai Tree
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Pomegranate plant (scientific name Punica granatum) is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree in the family Lythraceae. The tree is renowned for the pomegranate fruit, but the flowers are stunning in their own right. The tree trunks are robust, and the bark is eye-catching. As one of the most loved species of cultivated Bonsai, the Pomegranate has a rich historical and mythical lore. The leaves are opposite or sub-opposite, glossy, and narrow oblong. The Pomegranate flowers are bright red.
Plant Type: Outdoor & Indoor Plant
Age: 5 years
Sunlight: Pomegranate trees like full sun in the summer, less in winter, but still full light as an indoor plant. Leaves can withstand temperatures down to 14º F but the roots dislike freezing temperatures.
Position: Place the tree outside; the tree does well in full sun. Once temperatures drop to around 5 degrees C (or 41F) place the tree indoors, on a bright position.
Watering: Water the plant thoroughly, keeping it damp but not wet. Reduce watering in the winter.
An old bonsai watering trick is to place the entire pot in a sink of water an inch or two deep and let the water absorb from the holes in the bottom of the pot. The Pomegranate tree may benefit from weekly misting.
Feeding: If you want the tree to grow healthy flowers and fruits, use a fertilizer with high phosphorous and high potassium from spring to late summer. If you opt for fast growth remove flowers and use a normal fertilizer.
Pruning: To develop the foliage, pinch out the tender new, usually green, shoots using your fingers cutting to first or third couple of leaves. If you want new shoots, allow them to mature to a branch length longer than you eventually want it to be and then shorten it later. There may be some natural die-back which may affect the design of the tree.
Repotting: Repot Pomegranate trees in late winter remembering to prune roots only moderately. Generally, repot every 3 to 4 years.